openbook_2-5x2-5

LIBRARY

Browse the Aeolian Center resources on psychology and explore our ever-growing library  of articles, opinions, essays and other  materials. Let us know if you have published or come across an interesting paper, book or other information that will be worth  sharing with others here.

FREE RESOURCES

  • Therapist – client complementarity

    Therapist – client complementarity

    By Dr. Matthew Bennett copyright 1995 According to Wolitzky (1995), there are two important curative factors in psychoanalyis: insight and the relationship. This observation suggests that in addition to the therapeutic interpretations offered by the therapist as a way of helping the patient achieve greater awareness, the quality of the client-therapist relationship, or alliance, itself contributes to the positive effects of psychotherapy. Greenberg and Cheselka (1995) defines the therapeutic alliance as “the part of the therapist-patient relationship that enables them to work collaboratively” (p. 72). Wolitzky (1995) identifies alliance formation as the process whereby a therapist develops a sense of …Read More »
  • The effects of therapist negativity

    The effects of therapist negativity

    By Dr. Matthew Bennett copyright 1996 There are few research questions in psychology which are quite as complex or as important as psychotherapy outcome research. Since the time the firsts psychotherapists first began to work with the firsts psychotherapy patients, the process of therapy has retained an almost mythic air of mystery among the general public. For many decades, it seems, psychotherapists themselves appear to have been content to let it remain so…even among themselves. Long after researchers began to learn to quantify the complex phenomena surrounding the many levels of human communication, the process of psychotherapy remained an enigma, …Read More »
  • Recommended readings for life

    Recommended readings for life

    By Dr. Matthew Bennett copyright  2002 BOOKS FOR CHILDREN  For building a sense of imagination, adventure, and wonder. C.S. Lewis: The Chronicles of Narnia These beloved childhood classics introduce the imaginary world of Narnia, which is visited periodically by English schoolchildren who have adventures and learn principles of spirituality and morality. Edward Ormondroyd: David and the Phoenix A haunting story of the friendship between a small boy, David, and the legendary Phoenix. The Phoenix undertakes to give David an education, traveling with him all over the mythic world to visit mythic creatures. The bittersweet ending introduces David to the idea …Read More »
  • Personality Disorders in Group Therapy

    Personality Disorders in Group Therapy

    By Dr. Matthew Bennett; Copyright 1997 Until fairly recently, many types of psychopathology were considered beyond the pale of treatment in group settings, even by some of the most influential thinkers in the field. Among the types of psychological problems traditionally considered intractable in group settings were the personality disorders and character pathology in general. In 1985 Yalom included paranoid and antisocial character types along with organic patients among patients unlikely to benefit from group psychotherapy. However, the advantages offered by group psychotherapy models in the treatment of character pathology have proven to run much deeper than economy. Recent theoretical and …Read More »
  • The Myers-Briggs Personality Indicator

    The Myers-Briggs Personality Indicator

    By Dr. Matthew Bennett; Copyright 1997 Until fairly recently, many types of psychopathology were considered beyond the pale of treatment in group settings, even by some of the most influential thinkers in the field. Among the types of psychological problems traditionally considered intractable in group settings were the personality disorders and character pathology in general. In 1985 Yalom included paranoid and antisocial character types along with organic patients among patients unlikely to benefit from group psychotherapy. Relative Drawbacks to the Group ModelWriting in 1988, Nonna Slavinska-Holy wrote “group psychotherapy seems a poor choice for most patients with narcissistic personality disorder” (p. …Read More »
  • A history of informed consent

    A history of informed consent

    By Dr. Matthew Bennett; Copyright 1997 Informed consent as a guiding principle lies close to the heart of modern professional ethics. Although invoked as a basic directive in various professional fields, informed consent as an articulated ethical prescription evolved within the context of American medicine, and came as the result of a moral concern with the basic human right of self-determination. The evolution of the concept of informed consent from the Nuremburg Code to the Belmont Report evidenced an important ideological shift: while the Nuremburg Code stressed individual responsibility for moral choices in human experimentation, the new United States federal …Read More »
  • Parenting Styles and Childhood Social Development

    Parenting Styles and Childhood Social Development

    By Dr. Matthew Bennett; Copyright 1997 The permanent impact that parents have upon the children they rear is one of the most pressing issues within developmental psychology. Common sense, and the most immediately observable evidence, suggest that the choices adults make as parents shape the lives of their children forever. Yet beyond this obvious certainty, describing the course and intensity of these profoundly important vectors of influence is a prodigious task involving complex methods of observation and statistical analysis. For the past quarter-century, psychological literature concerned with parenting styles and their effects on child development has shown great consistency in its …Read More »
  • Neurobiological bases for cognitive schema

    Neurobiological bases for cognitive schema

    By Matthew Bennett; Copyright 2000 The earliest clinical conceptions of schemas is evident in pioneering works of Pierre Janet, who posited the existence of schemas moderated by memory processes which acted as mental organizing systems. When acting smoothly and functionally, these schemas would incorporate new information into existing knowledge structures resulting in mental order and organization (Davies, 1996). Piaget (1962) elaborated on these early concepts through his notions of accommodation and assimilation, theorizing that psychic trauma involved uncharacteristic events with a strong affective valence which could not be readily assimilated into the existing schema structures. Piaget sought to investigate some …Read More »
  • The Midlife Crisis: A review of the research

    The Midlife Crisis: A review of the research

    By Matthew Bennett; Copyright 2000 C.G. Jung (1923) explained the midlife crisis as the natural progression from the first half of life to the other; however, this transition was not determined so much by chronological age as by the timing of the conscious appraisal of progress made towards self-actualization. Erikson’s (1959) psychosocial development model described a succession of developmental challenges which were sequenced in an invariable progression of discrete stages; however, these stages were not defined by any particular age group. Levinson (1978), in his landmark case-study investigation, constructed a scheme of psychosocial development with specific anchors in chronological age. …Read More »
  • On the insularism of depth psychology

    On the insularism of depth psychology

    By Matthew Bennett; Copyright 2000 Metaphors are dangerous.  Metaphors are not to be trifled with.  A single metaphor can give birth to love.-Milan Kundera “Runes and charms are very practical formulae designed to produce definite results, such as getting a cow out of a bog," T.S Eliot writes.  When I first read this line, steeped in Jungian theory at the time (in my teens), I rejected it out of hand because I didn’t like the idea that “magic” should be practical, that it should be put to coarse and vulgar purposes. I preferred to distinguish between what my good friend …Read More »
  • Psychology’s unnerving diversity

    Psychology’s unnerving diversity

    By Matthew Bennett; Copyright 2000 I’ve recently been reflecting on the unnerving diversity that characterizes contemporary psychology. Most of us have learned to value diversity, because having diversity implies a richness of choice which leads to novel solutions and fewer “blind spots.” But when does diversity become unnerving? At what point do we recognize that we are close to fulfilling the prophecies of William Butler Yeats, when “things fall apart, the center does not hold?” What attracted me to psychology in the first place was the writings of Jung, who seemed to have found a sort of spiritual edge to …Read More »